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Find the right bolt pattern of your vehicle

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What is the bolt pattern?

The vehicle's bolt pattern, also known as the bolt circle or pitch circle, refers to the number of lug holes and the specific arrangement on the wheel hub that match the studs on the wheels, allowing the wheel to be securely mounted onto the vehicle. This pattern is a critical factor in determining the compatibility of the wheels with the vehicle, and a mismatch can result in improper fitting and reduced driving performance and safety.

How to measure a bolt pattern?

Measuring a vehicle's bolt pattern involves determining the number of lugs on the wheel hub and the distance between the center of each lug. There are several methods to measure bolt patterns, including:

  • Counting the number of lugs: Simply count the number of lugs on the wheel hub, which is usually 4, 5, 6 or 8.
  • Measuring the center to center distance: Measure the distance between the center of two studs that are across from each other, for example, from the center of lug 1 to the center of lug 3. This measurement should be done twice to ensure accuracy, and then averaged.
  • Measuring the diameter: Measure the diameter of an imaginary circle that passes through the center of each lug. This measurement can be done by using a ruler or a bolt pattern gauge.
It is important to verify the bolt pattern before purchasing new wheels, as different vehicles can have different bolt patterns.

How important is bolt pattern?

The bolt pattern is a very important factor in determining the fit of wheels on a vehicle. A proper match between the bolt pattern of the wheels and the hub ensures that the wheels will be securely mounted and will function properly. A mismatched bolt pattern can result in improper wheel fitment, reduced driving performance, and even safety hazards. The wheel may vibrate excessively, cause steering problems, or even come off while driving

Use a lug nut torque wrench to make sure you're applying just the right amount of pressure. Keep in mind that lug nut torque specs can vary from vehicle to vehicle, so always consult our lug nut charts, your owner's manual or a professional mechanic to be sure.


Is there a universal bolt pattern?

No, there is no universal bolt pattern for all vehicles. Different vehicle makes and models have their own specific bolt patterns for their wheels. It's important to check the bolt pattern for your specific vehicle before purchasing new wheels.

Can you change bolt pattern?

Yes, it is possible to change the bolt pattern of a wheel, but it requires specific tools and modifications to the wheel itself. This is typically done by a professional wheel repair or custom wheel shop. Changing the bolt pattern may also require changing other components such as the hub or axles to match the new pattern. It is important to note that changing the bolt pattern may affect the fit and performance of the wheel and can also void the warranty.

Are all 5 bolt patterns the same?

No, not all 5 bolt patterns are the same. The bolt pattern of a wheel refers to the number of bolts used to secure the wheel to the hub and the arrangement of those bolts. While the number of bolts may be the same, the arrangement and spacing of the bolts can vary, which creates different bolt patterns. For example, a 5x112 bolt pattern is not the same as a 5x114.3 bolt pattern.